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Reference: ISH2015_223

ISH Collection

Breakdown and Flashover Characteristics for Discharge via Floating Electrode and Solid Insulator in Vacuum



We focus on the discharge process via both the shield (floating electrode) and the solid insulator in vacuum interrupters. We proposed an electrode configuration in vacuum chamber (10-5 Pa) for investigating discharge via the shield and the solid insulator. The electrode configuration consists of cathode-shield-insulator-anode(c-s-i-a), and we carried out the discharge experiments using a negative standard lightning impulse voltage (1.2/50 µs). We measured the shield potential by a high voltage probe, the anode current by a high frequency current transformer, and the light intensity by a photomultiplier tube, respectively. As the results, the discharge in c-s-i-a configuration can be classified into two independent processes: one is the discharge between cathode and shield (c-s), and the other is the subsequent surface flashover on the insulator between shield and anode (s-i-a). In the process of c-s, the shield potential increased rapidly up to the instantaneous applied voltage, once the discharge occurs. In addition, we found the discharge at c-s depended on the potential difference between the cathode and the shield. In the process of s-i-a, we found the development time of surface flashover depended on the perpendicular component of the electric field on the insulator surface, which would induce the electron-stimulated outgassing from the insulator surface.

File Size: 907,3 KB

Year: 2015

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