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Reference: ISH2015_360

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Thermal ageing and its impact on charge trap density and breakdown strength in LDPE



Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) has been widely used as power cable insulation, because of its good electrical performance and stable chemical characteristics. However, in recent years, with the rise of large-capacity and long-distance HVDC transmission systems, the effect of space charge has a significant impact on the insulation selection and design. Furthermore, the change in the electrical performance of insulation after ageing is also required to be understood. It has been reported that ageing leads to an increase in charge trap density. The increase of trap density in LDPE makes the transport of charge carriers between traps easier. Consequently, the electrical breakdown strength will also be affected. This paper focuses on the LDPE films with different degrees of thermal ageing and studies its impact on charge trap density and change in electrical breakdown strength. The ageing degrees of sample were characterized using Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR). Space charge dynamics were measured using the pulsed electroacoustic (PEA) technique. In addition, electrical breakdown strength of the aged samples was measured and breakdown data were processed using the Weibull distribution. The change in characteristic breakdown strength is related to the change in charge trap density. The results suggest that the change in charge trap density of an insulating material can be used to characterize electrical performance of the material, therefore, the ageing status.

File Size: 3,2 MB

Year: 2015

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